Curriculum Intent

Child Development provides students with an opportunity to develop an understanding of early years progression and how there are many factors that helps to shape the adults they will become. In addition to fact-based learning, the curriculum provides opportunities for discussion and debate. Wider social issues like parental responsibility, how society and culture influences how children are raised; accountability for fundamental human needs and the rights of the child are presented and explored within a safe and respectful classroom environment.


To encourage an understanding of the overall needs of young children and the social and environmental influences which affect their development in a contemporary, changing and multi-cultural society.

To encourage the understanding of the wide range of factors which affect the decision to have children, and the responsibilities of parenthood.

Key Stage Four Overview

Students study the OCR Cambridge Nationals Level 1/2 Certificate – J818. The course provides a foundation knowledge of fertility and reproduction, pre and post natal care and provision, children’s physical needs, childhood health safety and hygiene and how to support a child’s learning through play. It also provides students with an opportunity to develop their transferable skills, such as researching, planning, comparison and analysis, observation and assessment, evaluation and reflection. These are learnt, explored and developed through independent coursework assignments. Students are provided with opportunites to develop and apply their knowledge through practical tasks, physical activities and use of technology.

The course consists of three units. The first unit underpins all of the other learning in this qualification. All students will learn the essential knowledge and understanding for child development, covering reproduction, parental responsibility, antenatal care, birth, postnatal checks, care, conditions for development, childhood illnesses and child safety. Knowledge gained would be of use for further studies in Health, Biology and other Child Development qualifications. Students will also gain knowledge of, and skills in, developing activities to observe development norms in children up to the age of five.


Students are assessed on all three units. There is an examination at the end of the course; this accounts for 50% of the total of the marks. Students will also be required to submit two coursework tasks which account for the remaining 50% of the marks.

Unit RO18 – 50 % – A single 1 hour 15 minute examination covering:

  • Reproduction and the roles and responsibilities of parenthood.
  • Antenatal care and preparation for birth.
  • Postnatal checks, postnatal provisions and conditions for development.
  • Recognition, management and prevention of childhood illnesses.
  • Child safety.

Unit R019 – 25% – Controlled Assessment: investigation tasks.

  • Demonstrating an understanding of the key factors when choosing equipment for babies from birth to 12 months.
  • Demonstrating an understanding of the key factors when choosing equipment for babies from one to five years.
  • Demonstrating an understanding of the nutritional guidelines and requirements for children from birth to five years.
  • Demonstrating the preparation a feeding solution for 0-6 months.

Unit RO20 – 25% – Controlled Assessment – A Child Study Task.

  • Demonstrating an understanding of the physical, intellectual and social developmental norms from birth to five years.
  • Demonstrating an understanding of the benefits of learning through play
  • Be able to plan different play activities for a chose developmental area with a child from birth to five years.
  • Be able to carry out and evaluate different play activities for a chosen developmental area with a child from birth to five years.

Learning Journey

Year 10:

Know about child safety:

  • How to create a child-friendly environment
  • Road safety
  • Safety labelling
  • Most common childhood accidents
  • First Aid
  • Social safety; personal, internet

Understand the equipment needs of children from birth to five years:

  • Travelling equipment
  • Feeding equipment
  • Sleeping equipment
  • Clothing and footwear

Be able to explain the factors affective the choice of equipment for children from birth to five years:

  • Age appropriateness
  • Safety
  • Design
  • Cost and durability
  • Hygiene

Know the nutritional guidelines and requirements for children from birth to five years:

  • Current government dietary guidelines
  • Functions and sources of nutrients
  • Macronutrients
  • Micronutrients
  • Additional dietary requirements
  • Nutritional requirements for stages of feeding

Be able to investigate and develop feeding solutions for children from birth to five years:

  • Nutritional analysis
  • Factors for consideration
  • Hygiene practices
  • How to develop feeding solutions from birth to five years

To understand reproduction and the roles and responsibilities of parenthood:

  • Factors affecting decision to be parents
  • Pre-conceptual health
  • Contraception
  • Male and female reproductive systems

To understand antenatal care and preparation for birth:

  • Roles of the different health professionals
  • Routine checks and scans at the antenatal clinic
  • Home and hospital birth
  • Stages of labour, methods of delivery and pain relief

To understand postnatal checks, postnatal provision and conditions for development:

  • Postnatal checks
  • Specific needs of the pre-term (premature) baby
  • Postnatal provision for the mother and baby and post-natal needs of the family
  • Conditions for development


Year 11:

Preparation for pregnancy and birth:

  • Reproduction
  • Development of embryo and foetus
  • Infertility
  • Health and well-being in pregnancy
  • Pregnancy
  • Ante-natal provision
  • Birth
  • Preparing for the baby
  • Post-natal care

Intellectual, emotional and social development:

  • Conditions for intellectual development
  • The development of language linked to speech problems and pre-reading skills
  • Conditions for emotional development
  • Learning through play
  • Choice of appropriate toys

Nutrition and health:

  • Feeding the newborn baby
  • Bottle feeding
  • Mixed feeding
  • Nutrition
  • Healthy eating
  • A balanced diet
  • Diet-related issues
  • Food preparation
  • Response to infection
  • Immunisation
  • Caring sick children

Community support:

  • Day care provision
  • The community
  • Voluntary agencies
  • Services for children and families
  • Children with special needs
  • Caring for children with special needs

Key Words

We aim to support students in their literacy across all curriculum subjects. We provide key word lists as a teaching and learning tool to support student understanding of the technical vocabulary needed to articulate their learning about a particular subject.

Child Development Key Words


Mrs H Jewer – Head of Child Development

Aims of the School

To inspire and enable all to make a positive contribution to ourselves, our community and the wider society
Pursue excellence in character and in learning

Our Vision

To be the best versions of ourselves

Our Values

All we do as a community is rooted in our three values


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